Study Finds That Adults Who Were Physically or Sexually Abused During Childhood Are at Increased Risk for Developing Ulcerative Colitis

Study Finds That Adults Who Were Physically or Sexually Abused During Childhood Are at Increased Risk for Developing Ulcerative Colitis
Results from a recent study published in the journal Inflammatory Bowel Disease show that adults who were physically or sexually abused during childhood are at increased risk for developing ulcerative colitis. “We found that one-quarter of adults with ulcerative colitis reported they had been physically abused during their childhood, compared to one in 10 of those without inflammatory bowel disease,” Esme Fuller-Thomson, PhD,who holds the Sandra Rotman Endowed Chair at University of Toronto's Factor-Inwentash Faculty of Social Work, said in a press release. “Similarly, the prevalence of childhood sexual abuse among those with ulcerative colitis was one in five versus one in 17 among those without the disease.” In the study titled “Childhood Maltreatment Is Associated with Ulcerative Colitis but Not Crohn’s Disease: Findings from a Population-based Study,” Fuller-Thomson from the University of Toronto in Canada and colleagues conducted a secondary data analysis of a subsample of the nationally representative 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey—Mental Health consisted of those with no missing data on any of the variables of interest (n ¼ 21,852). The survey response rate was 68.9%. Logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios of 3 types of childhood adversities (physical abuse, sexual abuse, and witnessing parental domestic violence) separately for ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease, each compared with those without IBD. The final model controls for sociodemographics, health behaviors, and mental health. The exposure was assessed by retrospective self-report, and the outcome was by self-report based on a professional diagnosis. The results showed that in comparison to individuals who had not experienced physical abuse,
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