Editors note: This column is a continuation of Crohn’s and Colon Surgery, Part 1: Getting Prepared.
Any surgery involving the colon is hard on the body, but the recovery and outcome results vary with the specific surgeries.
Typically, a gastroenterologist refers patients for surgery to colorectal surgeons, also known as proctologists. Colorectal surgeons specialize in medically and surgically treating people with conditions of the lower digestive system.
Laparoscopic or open surgery?
When deciding which surgery method is right for you, the surgeon will assess your condition and determine which surgery your body will recover best from. There are generally two surgical options: laparoscopic or open surgery. Both surgical treatment options have their own pros and cons.
Minimally invasive: laparoscopy
With laparoscopic surgery
, the surgeon makes four or five small half-inch to one inch-long incisions and one longer incision measuring three or four inches. Tiny surgical instruments are inserted through the smaller incisions as gas is pumped into the abdomen to expand the abdominal cavity. The surgeon is better able to see the internal organs. The entire procedure is essentially conducted inside the abdomen.
Generally, patients recovering from laparoscopic surgery have a shorter hospital stay, less pain, and a faster rec