Sunshine May Lower Risk of IBD in Children, Study Suggests

Sunshine May Lower Risk of IBD in Children, Study Suggests
Children who are exposed to more sunshine may be less likely to develop inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a study suggests. The study, titled "Higher Sun Exposure is Associated With Lower Risk of Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Matched Case-Control Study," was published in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. Pediatric IBD is associated with both genetic and environmental risk factors. Recent studies have shown that the incidence of IBD in children is associated with increasing distance from the equator (at least in the Northern hemisphere) and also living in locations with more months of low daily sunlight. "There are not yet any studies investigating, at the individual level, whether greater exposure to UV radiation is associated with a reduced risk of IBD onset," the researchers wrote. In the study, they recruited 99 children with IBD from hospitals in Melbourne, Australia. They also recruited 396 children without IBD who were at the hospital for other reasons. The two groups were similar in terms of age and sex, and both groups were given a questionnaire to assess the amount of sun exposure they typically get. The researchers then looked to see whether the children's amount of sun exposure was associated with their chances of having IBD. They found that, for every 10 minutes of sunshine exposure, the children's chances of having IBD went down by 6%, even after the researchers adjusted for other factors, includ
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