Eating Strawberries Reduces Colon Inflammation, Improves Gut Health in IBD Mouse Model

Eating Strawberries Reduces Colon Inflammation, Improves Gut Health in IBD Mouse Model
Less than a cupful of whole strawberries a day led to a significant decrease in colon inflammation and reversal of the pro-inflammatory gut microbiome in a mouse model of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), according to new data. The study, titled “Dietary intake of the whole strawberry inhibited colonic inflammation, restored immune homeostasis and alleviated gut microbiota dysbiosis in dextran sulfate sodium-treated mice,” was presented this week at the 256th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society in Boston. Diet and the natural microbes that populate the intestine — the gut microbiome — are two key factors that influence IBD’s disease course. Increasing research suggests that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables is linked to a lower risk of IBD. Strawberries, which are widely consumed around the world, are associated with a variety of potential health benefits. Previous studies have focused on the health benefits of purified compounds and extracts of strawberries but not of the whole fruit, which contain other sources that may also carry therapeutic benefits. “When you only test the purified compounds and extracts, you miss out on a lot of other important components in the berries, such as dietary fiber, as well as phenolic compounds bound to the fibers, that can't be extracted by solvents," Yanhui Han, a PhD student at the
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