Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Seen as Best at Helping IBD Patients Improve Quality of Life

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Seen as Best at Helping IBD Patients Improve Quality of Life
Psychological therapy, especially cognitive behavioral therapy,  can help to ease depression and improve quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD),  but generally only for the short term, a study reported. The study, a systematic review and meta-analysis, is titled “Effect of psychological therapy on disease activity, psychological comorbidity, and quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis” and was published in  The Lancet: Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For the review, its lead author, Alexander Ford, MD, of the Leeds Gastroenterology Institute, and colleagues revisited relevant literature from 1947 up to Sept. 22, 2016. They included 14 randomized control trials evaluating psychological therapies, reporting outcomes in a total of 1,196 IBD patients. Psychological therapies were not seen by the researchers to  reduce a person's relative risk of relapse in dormant IBD in comparison to other interventions, but all these therapies were associated with improvements in depression scores and quality of life. Cognitive behavioral therapy, particularly, showed significant benefits on quality of life. In one trial, cognitive behavioral therapy was associated with 21 percent of patients with active IBD entering clinical remission, compared to only 4 percent in the control group, after 18 months of follow-up. This therapy aims to change the way people think and behave. Ford and his colleagues concluded that psychological therapies might provide a short
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