Infants Born by C-section May Have Helpful Bacteria Restored Using New Method

Infants Born by C-section May Have Helpful Bacteria Restored Using New Method
A new study from New York University researchers, in collaboration with several other U.S.-based groups, revealed that babies born by C-section may receive benefits from being swabbed by their mother's birth fluid, restoring the balance of the immune system. When studied over the first 30 days after being born, C-section delivered babies exposed to vaginal fluids had microbiomes that were similar to babies born vaginally. The report, titled "Partial restoration of the microbiota of Cesarean-born infants via vaginal microbial transfer," appeared in the journal Nature Medicine. Researchers believe that disruption of the microbiome plays an important role in the development of many different immune system-related disorders, including inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Many factors may contribute to the disruption of the microbiome in infants, including C-sections, use of antibiotics during pregnancy, and use of baby formula. Microbiome are bacteria in human skin, guts, and mouths. They help with immunity, digestion, and metabolism. "Our study is the first to demonstrate that partial microbiome restoration just after birth is possible in babies born by C-section," study author and microbiologist Dr. Maria Dominguez-Bello, associate professor in the Department of Medicine at NYU Langone, said in a press release. "With a third of U.S. babies now born by C-section, twice the number as is medically nece
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