IBD Inflammation May Be Reduced With Omega-3 Fatty Acids

IBD Inflammation May Be Reduced With Omega-3 Fatty Acids
Omega-3 fatty acids might prevent or reduce symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) by decreasing inflammation. A review found that while not all studies agree, research points to the possibility that IBD may, at least partly, be managed by this dietary component.

The review, titled "Inflammatory bowel disease: can omega-3 fatty acids really help?" was published in the journal Annals of Gastroenterology.

IBD is usually treated by pharmacotherapy, but the review's authors – Sandra Maria Barbalho and colleagues from the University of Marília in Brazil – argued that alternative approaches should be investigated to improve the quality of life in IBD patients. Scientists know that apart from a genetically inherited risk, environmental factors -- particularly diet -- affect the probability of developing IBD. High intake of red meat, saturated fat, refined carbohydrates and food additives, as well as low amounts of dietary fibers, fruits, vegetables, and antioxidants, increase the risk of developing IBD. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are essential nutrients, meaning that humans do not have the capacity to produce them. Foods containing a large amount of omega-3 fatty acids include salmon and sardines, flaxseed oil and certain nuts like walnuts. Unlike saturated fats that cause weight gain, insulin resistance, and tissue inflammation, omega-3 fats improve blood fat levels, reduce weight, and diminish inflammation processes believed to contribute to cardiovascular and o
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