Healthy Gut Bacteria, Fat Content in Diet May Prevent Metabolic Syndrome

Healthy Gut Bacteria, Fat Content in Diet May Prevent Metabolic Syndrome
New insights into gut bacteria and their connection to metabolic syndrome have been uncovered by scientists. A study on Metabolic syndrome entitled “Intestinal Epithelial Cell Toll-like Receptor 5 Regulates the Intestinal Microbiota to Prevent Low-Grade Inflammation and Metabolic Syndrome in Mice” was published in the journal Gastroenterology by Benoit Chassaing, part of Dr. Andrew Gewirtz’group at Georgia State University. In this study the researchers found that healthy bacteria that live in the gut may help treat or prevent metabolic syndrome. Obesity is considered a worldwide epidemic, since is estimated that 1.4 billion people suffer from the disease and the number is rising each year. Obesity affects all socioeconomic backgrounds and ethnic groups, and is a risk factor for developing metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a mixture of risk factors, such as central obesity, insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia and hypertension that in combination can lead to type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. It has been described that changes in gut microbiota composition may lead to several gastrointestinal tract chronic inflammatory diseases, such as Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. People with metabolic syndrome are twice as likely to develop heart disease and five times as likely to develop diabetes as the general population, according to the National Institutes of Health. According to the American Heart Association and the National Institutes of Health reports, respectively, around 34% of American adults have metabolic syndrome and subjects with metabolic syndrome have 2 and 5 times more the risk to develop, respectively, heart disease and diabetes when compared to the general population. [adrotate group="1"] In previous stu
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